In September 2017, MedGlobal began working in Yemen to provide medical relief for those in need and support healthcare professionals and facilities overwhelmed with patients. To date, MedGlobal has sent three medical missions to Marib, Eden, and Aljawf where there were no other organizations present on the ground to address the immense health needs of the population. These medical missions treated 2,000 patients directly and an additional 60,000 with medications and supplies. Volunteers performed 22 surgeries and provided 8 training seminars for Yemeni healthcare professionals.
With millions still in need, MedGlobal's work in Yemen is important now more than ever.
MORE ABOUT YEMEN
- Yemen is the poorest country per capita in the Middle East, enduring economic, political, and social consequences due to frequent local armed conflicts
- The population of Yemen is 24 million people; primarily Muslim (65% Sunni, 30% Shia)
- Yemeni ethnic groups are mainly Arab, followed by Afro-Arabs, largely made of tribes
- The official language in Yemen is modern standard Arabic, with the Yemeni dialect
- As of 2007, adult literacy in Yemen is 40.5% for females and 77% for males
- The official capital of Yemen was formerly Sana’a, but has been relocated to Aden since Sana’a was taken under control of the Houthi rebels in 2015
- Since 2004, tension between the Yemeni government and Al Houthi opposition forces in the north and other armed groups in the south have forcibly displaced Yemenis, often repeatedly
- In early 2015, a coalition led by Saudi Arabia intervened with airstrikes against the Houthi opposition – the ongoing conflict has damaged public infrastructure (including hospitals, sewage systems, and bridges), interrupted essential services, displaced populations, and reduced imports which sustain the Yemeni population, which relies on imports for 90% of its grain and other food supplies
As of July 27, 2017:
- 14 million people are food insecure
- 7 million people are severely food insecure
- 3.3 million people are acutely malnourished
- 14 million people lack access to adequate quantities of safe water or sanitation services
- 14 million people lack adequate healthcare, and only 45% of health facilities are functioning
- Over 160 health structures were attacked since 2015 and reported to the ICRC.
- The price of medicine is beyond the reach of average citizens
Yemen's health sector faces major institutional challenges; less than half of Yemen's health facilities are functioning, there is a severe shortage of medicines, healthcare access is difficult, and hospitals are short of doctors and medical staff. It has proven difficult for humanitarian organizations to provide aid to Yemen due to the lack of open routes and ongoing violence; local aid workers have been subject to abduction by Houthi rebels. According to WHO Health Cluster analysis, the main causes of avoidable deaths in Yemen are communicable diseases, maternal, perinatal and nutritional conditions (together accounting for 50 per cent of mortality), and non-communicable diseases (39 per cent of mortality).